Bunions are arguably the foot and lower limb positional abnormality that is most often seen as a presenting complaint to podiatry clinics. Medically, bunions are referred to as a hallux abducto valgus deformity and are often characterised by a deviation of the big toe towards the other toes of the foot and the prominence of a lump at the metatarsophalangeal joint which eventually hardens over time. The condition is seen in both men and women, however women do make up a large majority of symptomatic bunion cases that require intervention. The condition itself often leads to restricted and/or painful range of motion of the big toe joint which is essential in the proper functioning of the feet during the gait cycle. By altering the halluces ability to flex upwards during the propulsion phase of gait, bunions can ultimately alter the method of propulsion and thus, the gait cycle itself. Bunions by themselves can be either symptomatic or asymptomatic but will generally also affect a person’s ability to find properly fitting footwear as well as affecting the cosmetic appearance of their feet.
There are many factors identified as causative in bunions, some within a person’s control others out of it. Research supports the idea that no single factor can be pinpointed as being a primary cause of bunions forming, but rather, a combination of factors may result in bunions forming. The following factors have been shown to contribute to the formation of bunions:
There are a number of treatments options available to assist in settling down existing bunion pain as well as preventing further complications. Some of these possible treatments involve:
Dr Anel Kapur delivers an outstanding clinical podiatric care to all clients. He has earnt himself an exceptional reputation among his clients for his attention to detail, gentle approach and depth of knowledge.
Dr Anel Kapur is available for appointments Monday and Saturday.
Bookings are available online or contact reception on 9542 3330